HOW DOES NOVORAPID® WORK?
NovoRapid® is an insulin analogue used to treat diabetes.
NovoRapid® will start to lower your blood sugar 10-20 minutes after you take it, it has a maximum effect between 1 and 3 hours and the effects last for 3-5 hours. Due to this short action NovoRapid® should normally be taken in combination with intermediate-acting or long-acting insulin preparations.
WHAT ARE THE INGREDIENTS IN NOVORAPID?
Medicinal ingredients: The active ingredient in NovoRapid® is insulin aspart.
Non-medicinal ingredients: Glycerol; phenol; metacresol; zinc chloride; sodium chloride; disodium phosphate dihydrate; sodium hydroxide; hydrochloric acid and water for injection
NovoRapid is indicated for treatment of diabetes mellitus in adults, adolescents and children aged 1 year and above.
What is NovoRapid and what is it use for?
NovoRapid is use to treat adults, adolescents and children over one year old who have diabetes. It contains the active substance insulin aspart, a rapid-acting insulin.
How does it work?
NovoRapid vials, prefilled pens (FlexPen and Flextouch pens) and penfill cartridges (for use with NovoPens) all contain the active ingredient insulin aspart. They are use to treat diabetes.
People with diabetes have a deficiency or absence of a hormone manufactured by the pancreas called insulin. Insulin is the main hormone responsible for the control of sugar (glucose) in the blood.
People with type 1 diabetes need to have injections of insulin to control the amount of glucose in their bloodstream. Insulin injections act as a replacement for natural insulin and allow people with diabetes to achieve normal blood glucose levels.
The insulin works in the same way as natural insulin, by binding to insulin receptors on cells in the body. Insulin causes cells in the liver, muscle and fat tissue to increase their uptake of glucose form the bloodstream. It also decreases the production of glucose by the liver, and has various other effects that lower the amount of glucose in the blood.
Warnings and Precautions on Novorapid Flextouch Pens
- Never Share a NovoLog® FlexPen, NovoLog® FlexTouch®, PenFill® Cartridge, or PenFill® Cartridge Device Between Patients, even if the needle is changed. Patients using NovoLog® vials must never share needles or syringes with another person. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
- Changes in insulin strength, manufacturer, type, or method of administration may affect glycemic control and predispose to hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. These changes should be made cautiously under close medical supervision and the frequency of blood glucose monitoring should be increase.
- Hypoglycemia is the most common adverse effect of insulin therapy. The timing of hypoglycemia may reflect the time-action profile of the insulin formulation. Glucose monitoring is recommend for all patients with diabetes and is particularly important for patients using external pump infusion therapy.
- To avoid medication errors and accidental mix-ups between NovoLog® and other insulin products, instruct patients to always check the insulin label before injection.
- Severe, life-threatening, generalized allergy, including anaphylaxis, may occur with insulin products, including NovoLog®.
- As with all insulins, NovoLog® use can lead to life-threatening hypokalemia, which then may cause respiratory paralysis, ventricular arrhythmia, and death. Monitor potassium levels in patients at risk for hypokalemia and treat if indicated.
- Fluid retention and heart failure can occur with concomitant use of thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are PPAR-gamma agonists, and insulin, including NovoLog®. Patients should be observe
- for signs and symptoms of heart failure. If heart failure occurs, dosage reduction or discontinuation of the TZD must be considered.
- Malfunction of the insulin pump or insulin infusion set or insulin degradation can rapidly lead to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis. Patients using insulin infusion pump therapy must be train to administer insulin by injection and have alternate insulin therapy available in case of pump failure. Novorapid Flextouch Pens
What form(s) does this medication come in?
NovoRapid® 3 mL Penfill Cartridge
Each mL of sterile, aqueous, clear, colourless solution contains insulin aspart 100 units. Nonmedicinal ingredients: disodium phosphate dihydrate, glycerol, hydrochloric acid, metacresol, phenol, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, zinc chloride solution, and water for injection. Novorapid Flextouch insulin
NovoRapid® 10 mL vial
Each mL of sterile, aqueous, clear, colourless solution contains insulin aspart 100 units. Nonmedicinal ingredients: disodium phosphate dihydrate, glycerol, hydrochloric acid, metacresol, phenol, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, zinc chloride solution, and water for injection. Novorapid Flextouch
NovoRapid® 3mL FlexTouch® Pre-filled Insulin Delivery Device
Each mL of sterile, aqueous, clear, colourless solution contains insulin aspart 100 units. Nonmedicinal ingredients: disodium phosphate dihydrate, glycerol, hydrochloric acid, metacresol, phenol, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, zinc chloride solution, and water for injection.Each FlexTouch® insulin pen contains 300 units of insulin aspart. Novorapid Flextouch Pens
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